WHAT THE FUTURE HOLDS FOR THE WORLD ORDER IN THE AFTERMATH OF COVID-19?

By Tugsbilguun Tumurkhuleg

What changes would COVID-19 bring about to the world order? This question has been at the center of attention of International Relations scholars around the world for the larger part of 2020. There is no doubt that the world will not be the same once the coronavirus crisis recedes. But what is less certain is the extent of these impending changes. Therefore, it is inevitable that different views are expressed as to what the future holds for the post-COVID-19 world.         

 

At this stage, it seems that only the situation in the area of economy looks more or less clear. As COVID-19 has wrought economic disruptions of immense proportions to practically all countries affected, national economies are expected to shrink. It is estimated that the overall global GDP will fall 4.4 per cent, with emerging markets and developing economies expected decline by 3.3 per cent and advanced economies by 5.8 per cent.[1] Under the current dire situation, no industry and businesses will be spared from the havoc brought about by the pandemic. The levels of production and consumption in all industries, with the exception of medical industry, have started to fall. Many companies and businesses are being forced to close down, which has resulted in massive unemployment. Multinational companies are also being hit hard by the pandemic, forcing them to make investment decisions to fragment and relocate production. The only industry that is likely to emerge stronger from the coronavirus crisis is the digital economy, which is expected to persist beyond the pandemic, as more businesses, transactions and interactions shift to the digital realm.                 

 

Regarding the implications of COVID-19 on the world order, influential academics such as the former US National Security Adviser and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and Harvard University professor Joseph S. Nye, Jr. have expressed different views from each other. While Kissinger states that the COVID-19 pandemic will bring about fundamental changes to the world order[2], Nye suggests that the current pandemic will not change the world geopolitics in the foreseeable future. In particular, he argues that

In 2030, COVID-19 will look just as unpleasant as the Great Influenza looked from 1930, but with similar limited long-term geopolitical effects. Growing Chinese power, domestic populism and polarization in the West, and more authoritarian regimes worldwide already existed, and the pandemic may have somewhat accentuated these trends.[3]

Thus, the present COVID-19 pandemic is not necessarily a transformative event, but rather could be seen as a reinforcement of the trends that had existed prior to its occurrence. In today’s world characterized by increasing strategic rivalry between the United States and China, it would be indeed interesting to observe which of these two powers would recover from the negative effects of the coronavirus crisis faster. Director of the Institute of Security and International Studies at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Dr. Thitinan Pongsudhirak argues that neither the United States nor China will emerge stronger from the pandemic period.[4] However, as he further elaborates, from the point of analysis rather than a preference, China stands a better chance of regaining its position vis-à-vis the US.[5] According to an IMF report released this October, China is the only economy in the world with positive growth in 2020 as its GDP is predicted to expand 1.9 percent this year.[6] In contrast, the other major players including the US, India, the European Union and Russia, as well as the rest of the world are all poised to register negative GDP growth. In this connection, it would be useful to add that the sheer size of the Chinese economy allowed it to recover faster without sole reliance on foreign markets.   

 

The reason that China has coped better with the negative impact of coronavirus was the fact that it had managed to contain the virus thanks to swift and decisive actions taken by its government including the imposition of a strict lockdown, which has allowed re-opening of the country’s economy within a relatively short period. Former Singaporean Ambassador to the UN and academic Kishore Mahbubani attributes China’s success in battling COVID-19 to its strong administrative institutions, which have strengthened over the years, whereas the US has weakened its public service agencies.[7]

 

Nevertheless, the pandemic has had its toll on China, most importantly, on its public image worldwide. Before COVID-19 broke out, the “China development model” manifested foremost by the Belt and Road Initiative has been attracting significant interest around the world. The coronavirus crisis has exposed weaknesses inherent in an authoritarian one-party system as witnessed by the case of the whistleblower Li Wenliang. This led the US and other Western countries to blame China for mismanaging the coronavirus crisis at its early stage by suppressing information, and demanded a thorough international investigation. In return, China responded by launching a propaganda war and tried to repair its damaged reputation by initiating “Mask Diplomacy” and “Health Silk Road” in other parts of the world. However, China’s assertive “wolf warrior diplomacy” designed to defend not only its initial handling of COVID-19 crisis, but also some of its actions abroad, not to mention its specific domestic issues, has cast a doubt on its “benevolent” image that had been cultivated in the course of several decades.

 

It could be well-observed that COVID-19 has exacerbated the US-China strategic competition for global political influence. In many ways, today’s situation is similar to the “heyday” of the Cold War, albeit this time between the US and its allies on the one side, and China, on the other. In other words, we are witnessing today the battle between the two narratives: the Chinese model of authoritarian state capitalism and the Western model of a free market economy with both of them attempting to sway the rest of the world to its side. Extensive visits undertaken by Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to many capitals of the world over the past period served precisely to this purpose. In this connection, it is important to stress that although Joe Biden’s election last November signifies the abandoning of Trump’s isolationism and return of America to the world stage, which in itself is a welcome development, one should expect the continuity of the current administration’s policy on China. After all, it was the only issue in which President Trump received bipartisan support.

 

It remains to be seen how other countries would react to the US-China rift once the pandemic period is over. Although the strategic competition between the two powers is akin in many aspects to the Cold War era, it should be emphasized here that the present geopolitical structure of the world is not marked by a clear divide unlike the confrontation between the US and Soviet camps. As the United States and China are both important partners for the majority of countries around the world, they would not wish to take sides in the dispute between the two great powers. Therefore, the post-COVID-19 world order would likely represent the realities of today’s complex world and would not mark the complete breakaway from the current order existing among nations.

 

Tugsbilguun Tumurkhuleg is a Mongolian diplomat, who served as Director-General of the Department of Neighboring Countries at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and later as Ambassador of his country to Thailand and Permanent Representative to the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). He received his Master of Arts (International Relations) degree with honors from the Australian National University and BA in International Affairs degree from the National University of Mongolia. The views expressed in this article are his own and do not reflect the position of the Mongolian government. 

 

References

World Economic Outlook, October 2020, International Monetary Fund, https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/WEO/Issues/2020/09/30/world-economic-outlook-october-2020#Full%20Report%20and%20Executive%20Summary

Henry Kissinger, The Coronavirus Pandemic Will Forever Alter the World Order, The Wall Street Journal, April 3, 2020, <https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-coronavirus-pandemic-will-forever-alter-the-world-order-11585953005>

Joseph S. Nye, Jr. on the Geopolitical Impact of COVID-19, Morality and the US Presidency, and Soft Power in Foreign Policy, Harvard.edu, <https://www.hks.harvard.edu/centers/mrcbg/programs/growthpolicy/joseph-s-nye-jr-geopolitical-impact-covid-19-morality-and-us

Thitinan Pongsudhirak, Geopolitical Outcomes Beyond Covid-19, Bangkok Post, May 15, 2020

China to be the only economy with positive growth in 2020, says IMF report; CGTN, <https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-10-13/World-GDP-to-drop-4-4-in-2020-IMF--UyNuoUIFlC/index.html>

Kishore Mahbubani: COVID-19 ‘enhanced China’s position in the world order’, Deutsche Welle, <https://www.dw.com/en/kishore-mahbubani-covid-19-enhanced-chinas-position-in-the-world-order/a-53290579

 


[2] Henry Kissinger, The Coronavirus Pandemic Will Forever Alter the World Order, The Wall Street Journal, April 3, 2020, <https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-coronavirus-pandemic-will-forever-alter-the-world-order-11585953005>

[3] Joseph S. Nye, Jr. on the Geopolitical Impact of COVID-19, Morality and the US Presidency, and Soft Power in Foreign Policy, Harvard.edu, <https://www.hks.harvard.edu/centers/mrcbg/programs/growthpolicy/joseph-s-nye-jr-geopolitical-impact-covid-19-morality-and-us

[4] Thitinan Pongsudhirak, Geopolitical Outcomes Beyond Covid-19, Bangkok Post, May 15, 2020

[5] Ibid.

[6] China to be the only economy with positive growth in 2020, says IMF report; CGTN, <https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-10-13/World-GDP-to-drop-4-4-in-2020-IMF--UyNuoUIFlC/index.html>

[7] Kishore Mahbubani: COVID-19 ‘enhanced China’s position in the world order’, Deutsche Welle, <https://www.dw.com/en/kishore-mahbubani-covid-19-enhanced-chinas-position-in-the-world-order/a-53290579>

 

 

 

Comments

There are 3 comments for this article

  1. Pgftrz 2021-04-26

    sildenafil prescription australia - viproff viagra fast delivery usa

  2. who owns hydroxychloroquine 2021-05-25

    That is a good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere. Simple but very precise info… Thanks for sharing this one. A must read post! https://hydroxychloroquinee.com/

  3. Nrfjpr 2021-05-29

    price of cymbalta 30 mg - cymbalta 300 mg duloxetine 9 mg

  4. Adidas UK 2021-05-30

    https://www.pandora-charms.shopPandora Charms Adidas UK https://www.adidasuk.uk.com

  5. Air Jordan 4 2021-05-31

    https://www.pandora-charms.shopPandora Charms Air Jordan 4 https://www.air-jordan4.com

  6. YEEZY SUPPLY 2021-06-01

    https://www.pandoracharms.uk.comPandora Charms YEEZY SUPPLY https://www.supplyyeezys.us

  7. YEEZY SUPPLY 2021-06-01

    https://www.pandorajewelry.caPandora Jewelry YEEZY SUPPLY https://www.supplyyeezys.us

  8. Jordan Shoes 2021-06-01

    https://www.pandoracharms.uk.comPandora Charms Jordan Shoes https://www.jordanshoess.com

  9. Yeezy Shoes 2021-06-01

    https://www.bracelets-pandora.comPandora Bracelets Yeezy Shoes https://www.yeezy-shoess.us

  10. Nike Shoes 2021-06-01

    https://www.pandoracharms.ccPandora Charms Nike Shoes https://www.nikeshoes.cc

  11. Yeezy Shoes 2021-06-01

    https://www.nikeoutlet.uk.comNike Outlet Yeezy Shoes https://www.yeezy-shoess.com

  12. Adidas Shoes 2021-06-02

    https://www.charms-pandora.comPandora Charms Adidas Shoes https://www.adidasshoes.org

  13. Jordan Shoes 2021-06-02

    https://www.ringspandora.comPandora Rings Jordan Shoes https://www.jordanshoess.com

  14. Pandora Jewelry 2021-06-02

    https://www.adidasshoes.orgAdidas Shoes Pandora Jewelry https://www.pandorajewelry.ca

  15. Air Jordan 4 2021-06-02

    https://www.adidasshoes.orgAdidas Shoes Air Jordan 4 https://www.air-jordan4.com

  16. ampicillin 500mg used to treat 2021-06-02

    Hello there! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form? I'm using the same blog platform as yours and I'm having trouble finding one? Thanks a lot! http://antiibioticsland.com/Ampicillin.htm

  17. tadalafil pills 2021-06-02

    tadalafil max dose https://nextadalafil.com/ tadalis sx tadalafil daily use

  18. Yeezy 2021-06-02

    https://www.yeezystore.us.comYeezy Yeezy https://www.yzy.us.com

  19. tadalafil tablets 2021-06-02

    40 mg tadalafil https://nextadalafil.com/ generic tadalafil united states tadalafil pills

  20. Air Jordan 4 2021-06-02

    https://www.nikeoutlet.uk.comNike Outlet Air Jordan 4 https://www.air-jordan4.com

  21. tadalafil 40 mg daily 2021-06-02

    tadalafil https://pulmoprestadalafil.com/ tadalafil gel buy tadalafil

  22. generic tadalafil united states 2021-06-02

    what is tadalafil https://extratadalafill.com/ tadalafil max dose 40 mg tadalafil

  23. tadalafil generic 2021-06-03

    generic tadalafil 40 mg https://extratadalafill.com/ tadalafil tablets tadalafil online

  24. tadalafil pills 20mg 2021-06-03

    tadalafil 40 mg daily https://superactivetadalafil.com/ what is tadalafil generic tadalafil 40 mg

  25. 40 mg tadalafil 2021-06-03

    what is tadalafil https://tadalafilgenc.com/ tadalafil 40 mg from india generic tadalafil

  26. tadalafil pills 2021-06-03

    generic tadalafil https://superactivetadalafil.com/ tadalafil pills 20mg tadalafil online

  27. tadalafil pills 20mg 2021-06-03

    tadalafil 40 mg from india https://tadalafilgenc.com/ tadalafil generic tadalafil 60 mg for sale

  28. Pandora Charms 2021-06-03

    https://www.jordanshoess.comJordan Shoes Pandora Charms https://www.charmspandora.us.com

  29. Nike Outlet 2021-06-04

    https://www.supplyyeezys.usYEEZY SUPPLY Nike Outlet https://www.nikesoutlet.us.com/

  30. Pandora Charms 2021-06-04

    https://www.nikeoutlet.orgNike Outlet Pandora Charms https://www.pandoracharms.cc

  31. walmart 4 dollar list 2019 2021-06-04

    Great blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your theme. Appreciate it http://cavalrymenforromney.com/

  32. Air Jordan 4 2021-06-04

    https://www.jordan1.uk.comJordan 1 Air Jordan 4 https://www.air-jordan4.com

  33. discount cialis for sale 2021-06-04

    discount cialis for sale https://tadalafili.com/

  34. Pandora Charms 2021-06-04

    https://www.pandoraoutlet.orgPandora Outlet Pandora Charms https://www.charmspandora.us.com

  35. Yeezy Shoes 2021-06-04

    https://www.yeezystore.us.comYeezy Yeezy Shoes https://www.yeezy-shoess.us

  36. Pandora Jewelry 2021-06-04

    https://www.bracelets-pandora.comPandora Bracelets Pandora Jewelry https://www.pandoras-jewelry.com

  37. tadalafil 30 mg 2021-06-04

    tadalafil 40 mg daily https://tadalafilgenc.com/ tadalafil 40 mg from india what is tadalafil

  38. Pandora Charms 2021-06-04

    https://www.supplyyeezys.usYEEZY SUPPLY Pandora Charms https://www.pandoracharms.cc

  39. Jordan Shoes 2021-06-04

    https://www.pandora-charms.shopPandora Charms Jordan Shoes https://www.jordanshoess.com

  40. Yeezy 2021-06-04

    https://www.pandoraoutlet.orgPandora Outlet Yeezy https://www.yzy.us.com

  41. Jordan 1 2021-06-05

    https://www.jordan1.uk.comJordan 1 Jordan 1 https://www.jordan1.uk.com

  42. Nike Shoes 2021-06-05

    https://www.pandorajewelry.caPandora Jewelry Nike Shoes https://www.nikeshoes.cc

  43. generic tadalafil 2021-06-05

    40 mg tadalafil https://pulmoprestadalafil.com/ what is tadalafil tadalafil dosage

  44. buy tadalafil 2021-06-05

    tadalafil 40 mg daily https://tadalafilgenc.com/ generic tadalafil united states tadalafil daily use

  45. tadalafil 40 mg from india 2021-06-05

    tadalafil 40 https://tadalafilgenc.com/ tadalafil pills 20mg tadalafil generic

  46. hydroxychloroquine and weight loss 2021-06-06

    I'm really impressed with your writing abilities and also with the format to your blog. Is this a paid subject or did you customize it yourself? Either way stay up the nice quality writing, it's uncommon to peer a nice weblog like this one today.. https://hhydroxychloroquine.com/

  47. generic tadalafil 2021-06-06

    buy tadalafil us https://superactivetadalafil.com/ tadalafil tadalis sx

  48. 40 mg tadalafil 2021-06-06

    tadalafil 30 mg https://extratadalafill.com/ tadalafil 40 mg from india tadalafil tablets

  49. tadalafil max dose 2021-06-06

    buy tadalafil https://nextadalafil.com/ tadalafil online tadalafil generic

  50. buy tadalafil 2021-06-07

    tadalafil 40 mg from india https://pulmoprestadalafil.com/ 40 mg tadalafil tadalafil 60 mg for sale

  51. tadalafil 40 2021-06-07

    buy tadalafil us https://tadalafilgenc.com/ buy tadalafil us tadalafil pills 20mg

  52. tadalafil 30 mg 2021-06-07

    tadalafil generic https://extratadalafill.com/ what is tadalafil tadalis sx

  53. tadalafil max dose 2021-06-07

    tadalafil gel https://extratadalafill.com/ tadalafil 30 mg tadalafil daily use

  54. buy tadalafil us 2021-06-07

    generic tadalafil https://superactivetadalafil.com/ tadalafil generic tadalafil 40

  55. tadalafil daily use 2021-06-07

    tadalafil 60 mg for sale https://superactivetadalafil.com/ generic tadalafil united states tadalafil daily use

  56. Bnvvxp 2021-06-07

    walmart pharmacy - pharpls online canadian pharmacy review

  57. aurogra india pharmacy 2021-06-08

    I have to thank you for the efforts you've put in writing this blog. I'm hoping to view the same high-grade content from you later on as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my very own website now ;) https://aurogra.buszcentrum.com/

  58. side effects of azithromycin 2021-06-09

    I simply couldn't depart your site prior to suggesting that I actually enjoyed the usual information a person provide on your visitors? Is going to be back frequently to check out new posts http://canadiandrugstorerx.com/antibiotics/zithromax.html

  59. where to buy hydroxychloroquine over the counter 2021-06-12

    Hi there, I wish for to subscribe for this weblog to take latest updates, so where can i do it please help. https://www.herpessymptomsinmen.org/where-to-buy-hydroxychloroquine/

  60. tadalafil coupon 5mg 2021-06-13

    Great blog! Do you have any recommendations for aspiring writers? I'm planning to start my own blog soon but I'm a little lost on everything. Would you suggest starting with a free platform like Wordpress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I'm completely overwhelmed .. Any ideas? Many thanks! https://atadalafil.online/

  61. hydroxychloroquine buy from india 2021-06-13

    I blog quite often and I really appreciate your information. This great article has really peaked my interest. I'm going to bookmark your website and keep checking for new information about once a week. I opted in for your RSS feed too. http://hydroxychloroquined.online/

  62. buy brand tadalafil 2021-06-16

    Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in truth was a leisure account it. Look complicated to far introduced agreeable from you! However, how could we keep up a correspondence? http://cleckleyfloors.com/

  63. Arexdiedo 2021-06-17

  64. where to buy ivermectin for humans online 2021-06-19

    I've been surfing online more than 3 hours lately, but I never found any interesting article like yours. It's lovely worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the net might be much more useful than ever before. http://herreramedical.org/ivermectin

  65. zithromax interactions with other medications 2021-06-20

    Heya i'm for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me. http://herreramedical.org/azithromycin

  66. sulfamethoxazole tmp ss tablet dosage 2021-06-22

    Excellent weblog right here! Additionally your web site quite a bit up fast! What web host are you the usage of? Can I am getting your affiliate link to your host? I desire my website loaded up as fast as yours lol http://antiibioticsland.com/Bactrim.htm

  67. Dbvkij 2021-06-29

    zithromax 100mg pills - zithrognr.com side effects of azithromycin

  68. ivermectin coronavirus latest news 2021-06-30

    of course like your web-site but you have to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling problems and I in finding it very troublesome to tell the truth however I will surely come again again. http://herreramedical.org/ivermectin

  69. qbwqnpeoo 2021-07-02

    The Boston Post [url=http://www.g0n3i2l66n8k6sjo5h5fhx3v765y568ps.org/]uqbwqnpeoo[/url] qbwqnpeoo http://www.g0n3i2l66n8k6sjo5h5fhx3v765y568ps.org/ aqbwqnpeoo

  70. mycophenolate patient assistance program 2021-07-03

    Everyone loves it whenever people come together and share views. Great website, continue the good work! https://hydroxychloroquinee.com/

  71. generic sildenafil pills 2021-07-05

    What's Taking place i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It absolutely useful and it has helped me out loads. I'm hoping to give a contribution & aid other users like its aided me. Good job. http://droga5.net/

  72. azithromycin z pack ingredients 2021-07-05

    This information is invaluable. Where can I find out more? http://herreramedical.org/azithromycin

  73. Jpiocy 2021-07-06

    furosemide cheap - lasix for sale doxycycline 125 mg

  74. can you get hydroxychloroquine over the counter 2021-07-07

    What's up, after reading this amazing paragraph i am also delighted to share my experience here with mates. https://www.herpessymptomsinmen.org/where-to-buy-hydroxychloroquine/

  75. China Fábrica de tarjetas de regalo en caja y fabricantes, proveedores Precio directo 2021-07-09

    BXL

  76. Uwqjtw 2021-07-10

    how can i get prednisone online without a prescription - buying prednisone online prednisone 20mg tablets where to buy

  77. hydroxychloroquine company manufacturer 2021-07-10

    I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or blog posts on this kind of house . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this site. Reading this information So i am satisfied to show that I've an incredibly excellent uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I most unquestionably will make sure to don?t disregard this site and provides it a glance regularly. http://hydroxychloroquined.online/

  78. viagron 2021-07-10

    buying viagra in fiji viagraxif street prices for viagra

  79. ThomasFooms 2021-07-10

    http://mcq.tk.wax45hu.store http://53b.tk.wax45hu.store http://6sg.se.wax45hu.store http://ou4.tk.wax45hu.store http://wdb.tk.wax45hu.store http://an1.au.wax45hu.store http://d0s.au.wax45hu.store http://8qv.me.wax45hu.store http://2yp.ag.wax45hu.store http://yzw.au.wax45hu.store horoscopo 17 diciembre 2019 best dating sites australia site de rencontres pour milliardaires free horoscope today scorpio how do i create a dating site national bureau of economic research dating committee freundin will neue leute kennenlernen gay dating after first date best dating site for married in india happy one year anniversary to my girlfriend

  80. ThomasFooms 2021-07-10

    http://05c.me.wax45hu.store http://v6h.fr.wax45hu.store http://4aq.tk.wax45hu.store http://ah7.tk.wax45hu.store http://05s.cc.wax45hu.store http://u9j.es.wax45hu.store http://q3o.eu.wax45hu.store http://cb2.me.wax45hu.store http://wbg.tk.wax45hu.store http://uwb.eu.wax45hu.store single dating group near me infj relationship and dating guide spanische mädchen kennenlernen over 50 dating rules dating rednecks lebanese dating site dm dating birth dates for aquarius horoscope who is kendall jenner dating april 2019 christina ricci dating history

  81. ThomasFooms 2021-07-10

    http://dku.ag.wax45hu.store http://eai.ag.wax45hu.store http://u0a.fr.wax45hu.store http://m8t.me.wax45hu.store http://mnr.se.wax45hu.store http://x54.eu.wax45hu.store http://03x.se.wax45hu.store http://i5h.tk.wax45hu.store http://8ac.cc.wax45hu.store http://mqf.ag.wax45hu.store daily horoscope love relationship partnervermittlung graz ralf single bblingen xvm matchmaking awesome profile quotes citas al imss por internet do women like shy men cute dating instagram bios smoke weed dating site healthy boundaries in christian dating

  82. ThomasFooms 2021-07-10

    http://pgu.au.wax45hu.store http://7fq.es.wax45hu.store http://7uj.tk.wax45hu.store http://7vo.tk.wax45hu.store http://b5p.es.wax45hu.store http://ob8.cc.wax45hu.store http://yg9.eu.wax45hu.store http://9g0.au.wax45hu.store http://a3m.au.wax45hu.store http://0ez.eu.wax45hu.store ex girlfriend birthday no contact single dating kostenlos dating my daughter game porn jena bekanntschaften dating sites on facebook in south africa i got the hook up cast list taurus horoscope facts c-dates kosten woman seeking man craigslist montreal anatomy of a hook up alex thomas

  83. ThomasFooms 2021-07-10

    http://x59.ag.wax45hu.store http://o3n.me.wax45hu.store http://5by.ag.wax45hu.store http://gf6.se.wax45hu.store http://xd7.es.wax45hu.store http://4aw.me.wax45hu.store http://i2e.es.wax45hu.store http://8de.fr.wax45hu.store http://2f9.ag.wax45hu.store http://wo4.cc.wax45hu.store site de rencontre de luxe gratuit dating mexican fender stratocasters is your man gay hindi kundali matchmaking understanding women dating dating venues in manila girl dating two guys buzzfeed trkisch flirten stze site de rencontres catholiques gratuit dating single dads tlc

  84. ThomasFooms 2021-07-10

    http://50r.eu.wax45hu.store http://rcn.tk.wax45hu.store http://8q6.me.wax45hu.store http://gw7.tk.wax45hu.store http://k79.ag.wax45hu.store http://4d6.tk.wax45hu.store http://3m6.se.wax45hu.store http://e4v.es.wax45hu.store http://o2l.eu.wax45hu.store http://icf.cc.wax45hu.store technology online dating 23 july 1984 horoscope dating someone too soon after divorce senior speed dating calgary sun sentinel horoscope teenage pisces daily horoscope horoscopo chino 2019 luciernaga good opening lines online dating woman seeking man craigslist montreal dating jesus birth

  85. ThomasFooms 2021-07-10

    http://3s8.eu.wax45hu.store http://y3j.au.wax45hu.store http://2vr.cc.wax45hu.store http://l1c.se.wax45hu.store http://pd8.fr.wax45hu.store http://67l.es.wax45hu.store http://kmc.me.wax45hu.store http://i02.fr.wax45hu.store http://sz4.eu.wax45hu.store http://a3h.se.wax45hu.store cancer horoscope today tarot latest dating apps 2017 dating from okcupid walking war robots matchmaking tiers angie harmon dating 2017 half korean half indian dating a blind person yahoo missing a guy you like rencontres gsm dating rules online sa prevodom

  86. MichealPurgy 2021-07-10

    http://ph8.tk.wax45hu.store http://3b9.se.wax45hu.store http://x4j.es.wax45hu.store http://w31.me.wax45hu.store http://o9g.ag.wax45hu.store http://5b1.es.wax45hu.store http://5g3.ag.wax45hu.store http://org.ag.wax45hu.store http://pbs.cc.wax45hu.store http://mti.cc.wax45hu.store evinrude water pressure gauge hook up speed dating corner pug partnersuche eichsfeld march 21 2019 aries horoscope may 27 2000 horoscope partnervermittlung fr geistig behinderte datebook dating wordpress theme does rihanna dating leonardo attitudes towards online dating top dating questions to ask a guy

  87. Donaldpiose 2021-07-10

    http://imn.me.wax45hu.store http://zgc.me.wax45hu.store http://ei5.au.wax45hu.store http://6zs.se.wax45hu.store http://b1p.se.wax45hu.store http://tvu.me.wax45hu.store http://svp.me.wax45hu.store http://sfh.me.wax45hu.store http://m0k.fr.wax45hu.store http://ns5.ag.wax45hu.store online dating blog dating sites in johannesburg dating iow osl dating limitations horoscopo del dia para virgo gratis how to calculate ascending and descending horoscope seventh day adventist dating websites single party salzburg who is kevin jonas dating wdw bubble butt bent over

  88. Donaldpiose 2021-07-11

    http://plb.eu.wax45hu.store http://a9c.es.wax45hu.store http://k29.fr.wax45hu.store http://gex.eu.wax45hu.store http://f7j.me.wax45hu.store http://v7u.fr.wax45hu.store http://wlh.cc.wax45hu.store http://892.eu.wax45hu.store http://6sl.fr.wax45hu.store http://1of.eu.wax45hu.store funny girl dating quotes who is kenny chesney dating 2019 the geek's guide to dating pdf should i text scorpio man first san antonio hookup spots loner guy relationships instagram names for amanda dating your ex after a breakup matchmaking bureau services dubai plenty fish dating network

  89. ThomasImmut 2021-07-11

    http://oel.eu.wax45hu.store http://uie.me.wax45hu.store http://iy6.ag.wax45hu.store http://gwp.es.wax45hu.store http://7bh.au.wax45hu.store http://17u.me.wax45hu.store http://l92.au.wax45hu.store http://0mj.cc.wax45hu.store http://0rz.au.wax45hu.store http://zcm.au.wax45hu.store stop dating someone langone my chart best asian dating site melbourne free dating sites manchester area breakouts on lips how to know if aquarius man wants you back casual dating sites london partnervermittlung existenzgrГјndung horoscope novemver 15 conocer hombre barcelona

  90. ThomasImmut 2021-07-11

    http://oxz.fr.wax45hu.store http://fkr.au.wax45hu.store http://2ry.se.wax45hu.store http://9pd.au.wax45hu.store http://edq.fr.wax45hu.store http://ivg.cc.wax45hu.store http://6su.ag.wax45hu.store http://qe1.eu.wax45hu.store http://461.se.wax45hu.store http://42x.es.wax45hu.store horoscope funny neurotic bitch muslim dating league of legends matchmaking rating calculator cheesy names for boyfriend cea mai buna etapa profesionala pentru tauri.din horoscop free gay men sites mutual dating website adam lambert dating history miastral com horoscopo masculino rencontrer une fille sur internet gratuitement

  91. ThomasImmut 2021-07-11

    http://ul6.me.wax45hu.store http://1m0.cc.wax45hu.store http://o9v.cc.wax45hu.store http://pj0.cc.wax45hu.store http://3jl.eu.wax45hu.store http://kto.cc.wax45hu.store http://u6z.es.wax45hu.store http://uzg.au.wax45hu.store http://pv5.cc.wax45hu.store http://ls5.se.wax45hu.store yangki christine akiteng dating your ex download monthly horoscope cancer money finances dating ciara single mann 30 best free dating site in saudi arabia chinese horoscope year 2009 josh bowman emily vancamp dating 2014 dating website for bipolar christian singles dating adelaide good email to send for online dating

  92. cialion 2021-07-11

    ooOO how does cialis improve bph tadalafil 5 mg cialis before gym

  93. www.cialis.com 2021-07-11

    I savour, result in I discovered just what I used to be having a look for. You have ended my 4 day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye http://cleckleyfloors.com/

  94. Ggeboy 2021-07-11

    provigil weight loss - gmrprovigi.com generic provigil

  95. buy online viagra capsules 2021-07-12

    Wow, awesome blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is wonderful, let alone the content! http://droga5.net/

  96. cialion 2021-07-13

    cialis importieren 80mg tadalafil lilly cialis original

  97. how long does hydroxychloroquine stay in system 2021-07-17

    It's an remarkable article in support of all the internet people; they will take benefit from it I am sure. http://www.deinformedvoters.org/hydroxychloroquine

  98. cialion 2021-07-23

    rozdiel viagra cialis buy cialis dapoxetine does cialis prevent premature ejaculation

  99. compare remdesivir and hydroxychloroquine 2021-07-27

    Every weekend i used to pay a visit this site, because i want enjoyment, as this this website conations truly good funny data too. https://herreramedical.org/hydroxychloroquine

  100. Srrmvw 2021-07-27

    provigil cost - modapls generic modafinil

  101. GoHob 2021-07-27

    donde consigo pastillas cialis buy generic cialis generic cialis professional

Your information:  3.235.227.117   Unidentified User AgentUnknown Platform